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December 10, 2004

それ何語[112]アロエ

◆アロエ

突然ですが、12月10日は「アロエヨーグルトの日」です。
なぜかというと…
MORINAGA HOME PAGE
ニュースリリース(バックナンバー:2003/04/01~2004/03/31)
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森永乳業は1994年、「森永アロエヨーグルト」を発売し、今年12月に発売9周年を迎えます。
(中略)
  弊社では、「森永アロエヨーグルト」の発売日である12月10日を「アロエヨーグルトの日」と制定しております。
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だからなんです。
お~しかも今年10周年じゃありませんか!
だからってキャンペーンやってる感じでもないなぁ…。

アロエヨーグルト


じゃ代わりに葉が10周年をお祝い致しまして、「アロエ」の語源探索を行っちゃいたいと思います。
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アロエ [(オランダ) aloe]
ユリ科アロエ属の多肉植物の総称。アフリカ原産。葉は剣状で、多く縁にとげがあり、互生または根生する。花は筒形で、総状または散形につく。葉を健胃剤・緩下剤・傷薬とする。蘆薈(ろかい)。
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ふむふむ、"aloe"自体はオランダ語ですか。
なお日本語ではアロエのことを「ろかい」というそうですが(初めて知りました)、その語源がコンサイスカタカナ語辞典にありました。
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★aloeのloeを中国語で盧薈と音訳したのを日本でロカイと読んだ.
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してその語源は?
いざ検索開始。


と張り切ってみたものの、一番嫌なパターンでした。
googleで検索すると結果はこのような感じでした。
「アロエ」の語源はアラビア語の「苦い」
「アロエ」の語源はヘブライ語の「苦い」
「アロエ」の語源はギリシャ語の「苦い」
ってどれやねん!


葉の予想だとアラビア語からの借用語って"al"が語頭に付与されているのが多いのでアラビア語説が有力かな。(アラビア語説だと元のつづりは"alloeh"だそうで。)
alchemy(アルケミー・錬金術)、alcohol(アルコホール・アルコール)、algebra(アルジブラ・代数学)、alkali(アルカライ・アルカリ)…。
"al"はアラビア語の冠詞(英語の"the")にあたり、あとに続く単語と続けて一語として綴られるそうです。
だから借用される時に"al"も一緒に取り込まれてしまったんでしょうか。


じゃさらに"aloe name bitter"で検索。
するとほとんどのサイトがArabic説になってますね。
一部Greek説、Hebrew説も紹介されていました。
ということでひとまず「アロエ」の語源はアラビア語の「苦い」、てことでよろしいでしょうか。


ちなみに語源に反してもいつも食べているアロエはなぜ苦くないか?
日本古来の「キダチアロエ」だと苦いそうですが、「アロエベラ」という種のアロエの皮を取り除いたものを食べているから苦くないんだそうです。

でも「アロエベラ」のベラ(vera)はラテン語で「真の」という意味。
「真の苦い」なのに苦くない…矛盾してるっ!

★ひとこと
前回のエントリのおまけ。
普段は"Adios"は使われない、と書きました。
しかし昨晩たまたまTVで「スペイン語講座」を見ていたのですが、普通に"Hasta la proxima semana.Adios."って言ってました。
でもよく考えたら、日本語の「さようなら」っていう言葉は普段は使われていませんが、日本語講座でも「それではまた来週。さようなら。」ってきっと言ってるだろうから別に不思議じゃないんだよね。

そんな昨日は「くじらの日」でした。
「ココログデザイン」というのが昨日から始まりました。
「森のくじら」というテンプレートの導入検討中です。
でもちょっとタイトルが大きいのと、ハイパーリンクが薄緑で見づらいのが玉に傷。

作成開始:12-10-2004 at 09:43 AM
作成終了:12-10-2004 at 11:02 AM

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アロエの語源は、ほんとにオランダ語なのですか。
聞かれたので確かな情報がほしい。

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